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COFFEE, ARABIAN COFFEE

(Coffea arabica, fam. Rubiaceae)

Coffea arabica Coffea arabica Coffea arabica Coffea arabica Coffea arabica
Shrub or tree to 6m.
Form or habit: Shrub or small tree
Latex:Absent
Leaf:Simple Opposite

Opposite or rarely in whorls of 3, simple, elliptic to obovate, 70-200 x 30-90mm, margins wavy; dark shiny green above, paler beneath, domatia conspicuous; 2-4mm long stipules borne on stem between leaf-stalks.

Flower conspicuous: Conspicuous
Flower colour: White or cream
Flower description:White or cream 5-petalled, 18-25mm in diameter, borne in axillary clusters; perfumed.
Fruit conspicuous: Conspicuous
Fruit colour: Red
Fruit: Fleshy
Fruit description: Bright red ellipsoid drupes, 12-16 x 10-25mm, with 1-2 green or cream ‘seeds’, 10-14mm long.
Habitat:
Distribution:
Food source for:
Toxicity:No toxicity known
Origin:Tropical Africa
Weed:Yes
Weed status:Environmental/garden escapee
Notes:Spread by: Birds and possibly by water.
Invades: Rainforest.
Notes: Garden ornamental, and commercial crop in some areas; ‘seeds’ roasted and ground for coffee. Naturalised in rainforests in both North and Southeast Queensland and known to be naturalised in rainforest on lower north-eastern slopes of Mt Jukes where all size classes are common. Not officially recorded and full extent of population not known. Origin apparently from a very early unsuccessful commercial trial in the Mt Jukes valley.
Information sources: Mackay Regional Pest Management Group (2011) Weeds of the Mackay Whitsunday Region.

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