This project is supported by The Central Qld Coast Landcare Network through funding from the Australian Government's Caring for our Country

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COCONUT

(Cocos nucifera, fam. Arecaceae)

Cocos nucifera Cocos nucifera Cocos nucifera Cocos nucifera Cocos nucifera
A solitary palm to 30m with a stout trunk, particularly at base.
Form or habit: Palm or palm like plant
Latex:Absent
Leaf:Compound Whorled

Large pinnate arching fronds to 6m long with numerous leaflets.

Flower conspicuous: Conspicuous
Flower colour: Cream to yellow
Flower description:Three-petalled cream to yellow, about 12mm long, borne in large axillary sprays.
Fruit conspicuous: Conspicuous
Fruit colour: Green to yellow-orange to brown
Fruit: Fleshy
Fruit description: Large drupes rarely less than 200mm, green, yellow-orange and finally brown with fibrous husk surrounding one 80-100mm long ‘nut’.
Habitat:
Distribution:
Food source for:
Toxicity:No toxicity known
Origin:Probably Pacific & Indian Ocean islands, now Pantropic
Weed:Yes
Weed status:Environmental/garden escapee
Notes:Spread by: Water, including ocean currents; indiscriminately dumped fruit; gravity.
Invades: Coastal areas, destabilising dune systems.
Notes: Historically, widely planted on islands and coastal areas; still being used in amenity plantings. They have many economic uses but naturalised populations can become serious environmental weeds. Over time, unattended plants produce expansive populations with a thick ground layer of fallen fronds and fruit. Falling coconuts may also be a safety hazard.
Information sources: Mackay Regional Pest Management Group (2011) Weeds of the Mackay Whitsunday Region.

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