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MOTHER OF MILLIONS

(Bryophyllum delagoense prev. B. tubiflorum, Kalanchoe delagoensis, fam. Crassulaceae)

Bryophyllum delagoense prev. B. tubiflorum, Kalanchoe delagoensis Bryophyllum delagoense prev. B. tubiflorum, Kalanchoe delagoensis Bryophyllum delagoense prev. B. tubiflorum, Kalanchoe delagoensis Bryophyllum delagoense prev. B. tubiflorum, Kalanchoe delagoensis Bryophyllum delagoense prev. B. tubiflorum, Kalanchoe delagoensis
Erect smooth fleshy succulent perennial stiff-stemmed herbs to 1m, stems and leaves mottled.
Form or habit: Succulent or cactus
Latex:Absent
Leaf:Simple Opposite

Opposite fleshy pale green to pale brown with dark green patches; tubular grooved above, both species produce small plantlets in notches along leaf margins.

B. delagoense 30-100mm long with toothed apex.
B. x houghtonii boat shaped with toothed margins, up to 100 x 20mm including thick stalk.

Flower conspicuous: Conspicuous
Flower colour: Orange to red
Flower description:Orange-red, bell-shaped, 4-lobed, 2-3 cm long, drooping, in flat-topped clusters on tall stems.
Fruit conspicuous: Conspicuous
Fruit colour:
Fruit: Dry
Fruit description: The fruit are papery and dry, to 10 mm long, remains enclosed in the old flower parts. deeply-divided into four sections and contain many small brown seeds (less than 1 mm long).
Habitat:
Distribution:
Food source for:
Toxicity:Toxic if ingested,Toxic or irritant to domestic pets,Toxic to native animals
Origin:South America and Africa
Weed:Yes
Weed status:Declared class 2
Notes:Spread by: Flood water, garden waste, contaminated soil, vegetatively from plantlets on detached leaves or plant pieces.
Invades/threats: Pasture land, roadsides, coastal areas.
Notes: Originated as garden ornamentals now widely naturalised in Queensland and increasing over substantial areas. New colonies establish quickly. Can withstand long periods of drought. Highly toxic to stock, particularly cattle.

Live-Leaf, Resurrection Plant (B. pinnatum) is also a serious weed of this district, especially
in sandy coastal habitats. It can be distinguished by its pinnate succulent leaves with scalloped margins and its yellowish-green flowers often tinged with pink. Lower leaves are 1-foliate, but those above have 3-5 large lanceolate leaflets.
Information sources: Mackay Regional Pest Management Group (2011) Weeds of the Mackay Whitsunday Region.

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