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PRICKLY ACACIA

(Acacia nilotica subsp. indica, fam. Mimosaceae)

Acacia nilotica subsp. indica Acacia nilotica subsp. indica Acacia nilotica subsp. indica Acacia nilotica subsp. indica Acacia nilotica subsp. indica
Form or habit: Shrub or small tree,Acacia / wattle
Latex:Absent
Leaf:Compound Opposite

Bipinnate, fern-like with 4-10 pairs of pinnae each with 10-25 pairs of leaflets.

Flower conspicuous: Conspicuous
Flower colour: Yellow
Flower description:Yellow, in fluffy spherical heads, typical wattle.
Fruit conspicuous: Conspicuous
Fruit colour: Green-grey
Fruit: Dry
Fruit description: Pods 100-150mm long, green-grey and downy, flat, deeply indented like a necklace around the 8-15 seeds. Seeds flattened, greyish, oval, with a very long viability.
Habitat:
Distribution:Invades/Threats: Drier areas of the region where it replaces remnant vegetation, forms thorny thickets which outcompete grassland species and restrict mustering, vehicle and wildlife movement. Grows on heavy clay soils.
Food source for:
Toxicity:No toxicity known
Origin:Pakistan; also occurs Africa, Middle East and SW Asia
Weed:Yes
Weed status:Declared class 2,Weed of National Significance
Notes:Seeds germinate in large numbers under the parent plant, dispersed by water, in animal manure (e.g. cattle) and by contaminated soil on/in vehicles and machinery.

Originally introduced as a fodder tree and also planted for shade. Leaves and pods high in protein
Information sources:

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